This is a silver bullion coin that has been continuously in use since it was first minted in 1741. This is the 1780 strike of the series. Originally there were 9 Thalers to the Vienna Mark but this changed in 1750 when they introduced a new system that debased the currency to 10 Thalers to the Vienna Mark.
The silver coin on offer here is of a lower grade and is worn on both sides. In some ways for a bullion coin that is almost 250 years old I would say it has been a round just a bit.
Never the less examples from this era are an interesting area of numismatics and the coin on offer here is still legible and the general design still obvious.
A great collection filler and wonderful coin for a beginning collector not looking to pay top dollar but wanting to fill the gaps in their collection.
As an interesting aside the word thaler gave rise to daalder and daler, which later became the word “dollar” in English.
Haus Habsburg Hungary Thaler Maria Theresa Madonna
Value: 1 Thaler
Metal: Silver (.833)
Weight: 28.06 g
Diameter: 40 mm
Thickness: 3 mm
Obverse: Angels holding crown above arms with lettering M.THER.D.G.R IMP.HU.BO R.A.A.D.B.C.T.
Reverse: Radiant Madonna and child with lettering S·MARIA·MATER·DEI·PATRONA·HUNG·1780·X·
Edge: IUSTITIA ET CLEMENTIA
Catalogue: Davenport-1133, KM 386.2, Voglhuber 276/VII, Huszár 1680, Eypeltauer 304
This silver thaler which features Maria Theresa Madonna and angels was struck during the reign of Maria Theresa who was the Apostolic Queen of Hungary between 1740 – 1780. She was the only female monarch to rule within the Hasburg dominions and she was the very last of the elder line. It bears the B mint mark which was the Kremnitz Mint.
We see on the coins obverse side the crowned royal Hungarian coat of arms supported on either side by angels with a half wreath beneath it. The reverse of the coin bears a radiant crowned Madonna with her foot resting on a crescent. A nimbus bearing the Christ child is to her side whilst she herself holds a scepter in the right hand and an orb in the left.
The House of Habsburg died out in the 18th century. Charles the VI who was the Holy Roman Emperor died in 1740 and was succeeded by his eldest daughter Maria Theresa of Austria. When she died the line died with her. The House of Habsburg was then succeeded by the the Vaudemont arm of the House of Lorraine which distinctively gave itself the title of House of Habsburg-Lorraine or as the Germans called it Habsburg-Lothringen. It was indeed one of the most important royal houses of Europe as its family went on to hold positions of royalty across vast areas of Europe from England to Spain to Germany as well as Ireland and Italy.
The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 created a personal union, whereby the House of Habsburg agreed to share power with the separate Hungarian government, dividing the territory of the former Austrian Empire between them. The Austrian and the Hungarian lands became independent entities enjoying equal status. Under this arrangement, the Hungarians referred to their ruler as king and never emperor. This prevailed until the Habsburgs’ deposition from both Austria and Hungary in 1918 following their defeat in World War I.