Obverse: Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the queen regnant of sixteen independent sovereign states known informally as the Commonwealth realms: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Kitts and Nevis. She holds each crown separately and equally in a shared monarchy, as well as acting as Head of the Commonwealth, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, and Head of State of the Crown Dependencies, British overseas territories, the Realm of New Zealand and the external territories of Australia. As a constitutional monarch, she is politically neutral and by convention her role is largely ceremonial
Reverse: Aboriginal Art Theme by David Malangi (1927 – 27 June 1998) was an Indigenous Australian Yolngu artist from the Northern Territory. The Yolngu (or Yol?u) are an Indigenous Australian people inhabiting north-eastern Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory of Australia. Yolngu vfwvrally means “person” in the language spoken by the people. One of the most well known bark painters from Arnhem Land. The reproduction of one of his designs was produced on the Australian one dollar note in 1966. (originally without his knowledge – when he became aware of this, he was given financial compensation). The payment by the Reserve Bank of Australia to Malangi began issues of Aboriginal copyright in Australia. He was born at Mulanga, on the east bank of the Glyde River.
Watermark: Captain Cook in left panel
The Queen witnessed, over her life, the continued transformation of the British Empire into the Commonwealth of Nations. By the time of her accession in 1952, her role as head of multiple independent states was already established. Spanning 1953–54, the Queen and her husband embarked on a six-month around-the-world tour. She became the first reigning monarch of Australia and New Zealand to visit those nations. During the tour, crowds were immense; three-quarters of the population of Australia were estimated to have seen her. Throughout her reign, the Queen has undertaken state visits to foreign countries and tours of Commonwealth ones and she is the most widely travelled head of state in history.