Obverse:Sir Joseph Banks, 1st Baronet, GCB, PRS (13 February 1743 – 19 June 1820) was a British naturalist, botanist and patron of the natural sciences. He took part in Captain James Cook’s first great voyage (1768–1771). Banks is credited with the introduction to the Western world of eucalyptus, acacia, mimosa, and the genus named after him, Banksia. Approximately 80 species of plants bear Banks’s name. Banks was also the leading founder of the African Association, a British organization dedicated to the exploration of Africa, and a member of the Society of Dilettanti, which helped to establish the Royal Academy.
Reverse: Caroline Chisholm (30 May 1808 – 25 March 1877) was a progressive 19th-century English humanitarian known mostly for her involvement with female immigrant welfare in Australia. She is commemorated in the Calendar of saints of the Church of England. There are proposals for the Catholic Church to also recognise her as a saint,
Watermark: Captain Cook in left panel
A number of educational facilities in Australia and England have been named after Caroline Chisholm,as well as a suburb of Canberra and a federal electoral division. The Federal Government Department of Human Services’ headquarter, located in Tuggeranong (ACT), is named after her (the building is known as the CCC, i.e. Caroline Chisholm Centre); DHS is Australia’s welfare agency (www.dhs.gov.au). Chisholm has also appeared on Australian stamps and banknotes. The character of Mrs Jellyby in Dickens’ novel Bleak House is said to be based on Caroline Chisholm.
*All details taken from Wikipedia for educational purposes only.